1. the spread of
■ n. the act or an instance of becoming widely known or used; the spread of N
□ The most common occurrence of 普及 is as a headword in a noun phrase of the form N+の普及.
This noun phrase is sometimes used as the object of a transitive verb such as 目指す（めざす）.
A purist translator might want to preserve the "spread of N" form, but many other more liberal translations seem valid.
◇ . . . 低公害車の普及を目指すグリーン化 . . .
" . . . .green policies whose purpose is to facilitate the spread of low-emission cars . . ."
or for variety's sake:
". . . . green policies intended to accelerate the emergence of low-emission cars . . ."
" . .. . green policies intended to give a boost to low-emission cars . . ."
" . . . green policies intended to promote low-emission cars . . . "
" . . . green policies intended to support low-emission cars . . . "
". . . .green policies intended to popularize low-emission cars . . . "
" . . . .green policies intended to help low-emission cars become more widely used. . ."
" . . . green policies intended to bring low-emission cars into more widespread use . . ."
The Sudden Spread of Multimedia Communication and Expectations of Broadband Wireless Access Systems
The Explosion of Multimedia Communications and Expectations for Broadband Wireless Access Systems
(an advert for a book about automotive technology)
We've lowered the price as part of our campaign to facilitate the spread of automotive technology.
We've lowered the price as part of our campaign to promote automotive technology.
2. 普及品、普及率、普及センター, names of groups
■ idiomatic coinages using 普及
a. 普及品: low-end products
b. 普及率: penetration rate/diffusion (marketing and business)
c. 普及センター: Information Center; Promotion Center
d. 普及 is used in the names of many groups as "Promotion of" or "Advancement of "
□ These idiomatic coinages often have corresponding words in English and so are not open to liberal translations.
◇ b. 今後も伸びる家庭用パソコンの普及率
(title on a report)
The Bullish Penetration Rate of Home-Use PCs
Penetration Rate of Home-Use PCs Will Continue to Grow
Environmental Information Center (official name)
農業改良普及センター (this is a national network with thousands of branches, all of which seem to have a Web presence)
Agribusiness Promotion Center
Agribusiness Information Center
Telecommunications Advancement Foundation (official name)
3. to spread, to make spread
■ vi. to spread throughout society; become widely known or used
□ Included here with the standard intransitive form of Nは、普及している, is the causative form of Nを普及させる, which might be translated as "make N spread." This usage is rare (shows up about 3% of the time).
In fact, UHF television broadcasts became more widespread during this period.
In fact, UHF television broadcasts became more common during this period.
4. Usage statistics on the Web
□ Hits at search engines in December 2000 were:
Saga Shimbun Total = 5752 Google Total 642,000
の普及 2336 (40%) の普及 336,000 (52.5%)
を普及 194 (3.3%) を普及させる 22,700 (3.5%)
普及センター 2079 (36%)
This entry was created by Paul Flint.