□ Also known variously as 五教, 五典, 五品, 五達道, and 五常, the 五教 are the five relationships 孟子 taught that are necessary for society to operate in an orderly fashion.
The five relationships were written down by the disciples of 孟子 in 滕文公上. In Japanese, the relationships are generally given as:
These can be translated as:
The Chinese version seems to be different. According to Mournir Farah, the relationships are between ruler and ruled, father and son, older brother and younger brother, husband and wife, and friend and friend. (Quoted from China Research.) In the Chinese tradition, it seems the first in each pair is to be benevolent to the second, and the second is to be loyal to the first. In Confucianism, these are described as:
Differences in interpretation are no doubt due to tradition, transmission (to Korea and Japan) and movements such as Neo-Confucianism.
See the following pages for further descriptions:
THE GREEK, INDIAN, & CHINESE ELEMENTS
This entry was created by Benjamin Barrett.