たいひ【退避】

■ To evacuate, flee danger
■ [Questionable] To move out of the way (trains)
■ To save somewhere else (software)


■ To evacuate, flee danger

This meaning corresponds closely to the English "evacuate", as in the following example.

リベリアに対しては、内乱発生のため1990年4月、同国全域に対して「退避勧告」を発出しました。
From a Japanese Foreign Ministry site, warning of an "Evacuation notice". This warns Japanese citizens to leave Liberia.

■ [Questionable] To move out of the way (trains)

Refers to cases such as one train pulling into a siding to let another train pass. Although it helps to throw light on the third sense, this usage is questionable, and not supported by dictionaries, as it seems to be a substitution for 待避. However, it also appears in the form 退避線, meaning a siding, or passing track, and this form is given as a choice by the Microsoft IME. A web search at goo.ne.jp produced the following statistic:
退避線 48 hits
待避線 198 hits

退避中の特急ひだを横目に
後方で特急ひだは一旦ホームに入ってきて「弁当」等を積み込んで後方へバックし北アルプスを待つ。(98/April/11)
The photo on this website (Trains) shows the train in the background waiting while another passes.

■ To save somewhere else, back up (software)

When a register (for example) is about to be overwritten in some operation, but its current value is not to be lost, a copy must be made somewhere else. The term 退避 is used for this, and also for making backup copies of files and so on. This meaning is not generally found in dictionaries, and attempts to follow the only two glosses given by Kenkyusha ("taking refuge" and "evacuation") can lead to serious mistranslation: in particular, interpreting "evacuate" to mean "clear" a register is almost the reverse of the intended meaning.

自分のファイルを本節の方法で時々退避しておくことは,万一のハードウェア故障に因むファイル破損への耐性を高める効果があり,有益である.
Warning to university students to back up data at this website

This next example is a piece of software whose very name appears to be the mistranslation mentioned above!
Refuge
PC-9821・256色対応 グラフィック画面退避・復帰ユーティリティ
...
16/256色を自動判定してグラフィックVRAMを退避します。

From Vector (a software site)


This entry was created by Brian Chandler.


Created 2000-06-24.

jeKai Index Home