■ a comprehensive medical examination, usually given to middle-aged or older adults. A complete 人間ドック takes anywhere from a few hours to two or even three days and includes a full battery of tests, including, among others, Ｘ線撮影（えっくすせんさつえい）, x-ray examinations; 身体測定（しんたいそくてい）, measurements of height, weight, etc. (literally, "body measurements"); 体力測定（たいりょくそくてい）, strength measurements; 眼底検査（がんていけんさ）, fundoscopy (examination of the inner part of the eye); 心電図（しんでんず）, electrocardiogram; 超音波（ちょうおんぱ）, ultrasound examination; and 血圧測定（けつあつそくてい）, blood pressure measurement. Based on the results, the patients are advised about diet and lifestyle changes. When serious conditions are found, the patients may be referred to specialists.
The ドック in 人間ドック refers to a dry dock where ships--or, in this case, humans--go for inspection and maintenance. This "human dry dock" system is an important part of preventive medical care for adults in Japan.
a one-day medical exam
a one-night, two-day medical exam
to go for a comprehensive medical exam
a comprehensive dental check-up
At a medical exam I was found to have cancer. I had surgery, but the cancer had spread to my lymph nodes.
When I went to the medical check-up I had scheduled for February, I was told that my liver and heart were in bad shape, and I was forbidden to play golf, drink alcohol, or smoke.
This entry was created by Tom Gally, with additional contributions by Hiroshi Hasebe.