にんげんドック【人間ドック】


a comprehensive medical examination, usually given to middle-aged or older adults. A complete 人間ドック takes anywhere from a few hours to two or even three days and includes a full battery of tests, including, among others, X線撮影(えっくすせんさつえい), x-ray examinations; 身体測定(しんたいそくてい), measurements of height, weight, etc. (literally, "body measurements"); 体力測定(たいりょくそくてい), strength measurements; 眼底検査(がんていけんさ), fundoscopy (examination of the inner part of the eye); 心電図(しんでんず), electrocardiogram; 超音波(ちょうおんぱ), ultrasound examination; and 血圧測定(けつあつそくてい), blood pressure measurement. Based on the results, the patients are advised about diet and lifestyle changes. When serious conditions are found, the patients may be referred to specialists.

The ドック in 人間ドック refers to a dry dock where ships--or, in this case, humans--go for inspection and maintenance. This "human dry dock" system is an important part of preventive medical care for adults in Japan.

日帰り(ひがえり)人間ドック
a one-day medical exam

1泊2日(いっぱくふつか)人間ドック
a one-night, two-day medical exam

人間ドックに入(はい)る
to go for a comprehensive medical exam

歯科(しか)人間ドック
a comprehensive dental check-up

人間ドックで胃癌(いがん)が発見され手術を受けたがリンパ節(せつ)転移(てんい)があった
At a medical exam I was found to have cancer. I had surgery, but the cancer had spread to my lymph nodes.

2月に予定していた人間ドックに入ったところ、肝臓(かんぞう)と心臓(しんぞう)が悪いといわれ、ゴルフも酒もたばこも禁止(きんし)された。
When I went to the medical check-up I had scheduled for February, I was told that my liver and heart were in bad shape, and I was forbidden to play golf, drink alcohol, or smoke.


This entry was created by Tom Gally, with additional contributions by Hiroshi Hasebe.


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